Fine and gross motor skills are essential for your preschool age child. If you are wondering what fine and gross motor skills your child ages 3-5 should be working on let me help!
As your child grows, they will begin to become more stable and can work on increasing their fine and gross motor skills. As they learn and develop, they will also start mastering emotions, social skills, and even cognitive skills.
Fine Motor Skills
Fine motor skills are all about the movements your child makes in the muscles in their hands and how they move their body. Things like drawing, coloring, beading, working on building with blocks, etc.
Your toddler will learn to trace shapes with somewhat accuracy, color in the lines, and find which hand they will be dominant in. As they get a bit older, they will begin to work with using scissors. Using scissors is a skill that takes time, but learning to cut is the first step, and then later you can work with them at cutting lines on the paper.
- Tracing letters and numbers
- Stringing beads on a string
- Sorting objects
- Learning to hold a pencil correctly
- Get dressed alone (mostly)
- Learning how to use scissors
- Using silverware properly
- Coloring within the lines
- Buttoning clothes
- Playing with puzzles
- Building with blocks
- Eating good (feeding self, opening sandwich bags, etc.)
Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor skills are more physical actions that your child will begin to learn to do correctly. Learning to walk up and down stairs, hopping, skipping, jumping, etc. These are skills that require learning how their body works and balance.
Below are some gross motor skills to give you some ideas on what you could do to work with your child.
- Standing on one foot
- Working on riding a balance bike
- Sweeping with mom or dad
- Climbing the stairs
- Kicking a ball around
- Running without falling (too much)
- Throwing a ball
These are all pretty easy activities that are fairly easy to incorporate into your day. During playtime try and focus here and there on a handful of these fine and gross motor skills and help your child begin to master the skills. This will help set them up for great success when school starts.